Rabu, 30 Mei 2012


Komodo Island is known as a habitat for native animals dragons. Komodo dragons ( Varanus Komodoensis Ouwen) is awfully fantastic the largest lizard in the world, and can be found in the Komodo National Park, West Manggarai Regency, East NusaTenggara Province, Indonesia
Komodo Island is the westernmost tip of East Nusa Tenggara Province, bordering the province of  West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia


About Komodo Dragons

Ancient animal was formerly greatly feared by many people, because of the large tail can knock down a buffalo, horses, and deer with a single flick. Had 4 feet big, very sharp teeth 26 each measuring 4 cm, and a red forked tongue. Not only that, a large and powerful jaws capable of swallowing a variety of animals in one fell swoop.

He was able to find prey in tens km from the front. Komodo has a sharp smell and bite of the deadly bacterial toxins in the saliva to paralyze their prey. After a bite, then it follows prey already hurt for days, until finally did die, and then he ate it.  

Komodo dragons are known to swim champion and that's how he then did explore the islands around Flores. Normally dragons mating season is from May to August. At the time of the breeding season it becomes difficult to see dragons in Komodo National Park. 

Komodo dragons likes hot and dry place, live in the savanna, or tropical forest habitat at lower elevations. When night comes, Komodo dragons hide in holes in the 1-3 meter while warm the body from the cold night.  

Komodo dragons are carnivorous reptiles at the top of an ancient food chain. Komodo dragons prey such as goats, deer, wild boar, and birds. In certain circumstances, can behave Komodo dragons prey on cannibalism with another. In searching for prey Komodo dragons saliva or can rely on the toxic in every bite that can kill their prey slowly. By relying on the sense of smell on his tongue, the Komodo dragon can smell carrion prey as far as 9 kilometers. In addition, the Komodo dragons are also capable of running 20 miles per hour within a short distance, climb trees, swim and even dive.

This ancient reptile eat by tearing large chunks of meat and then swallow it whole. If difficulty in swallowing, komodo dragons usually emphasize carcass meat into a tree.  
Komodo dragons can eat prey up to 80% of the amount of their own body weight in one fell ravenously. Komodo dragons breathe through a small channel under the tongue, which relate directly to his lungs. This allows the komodo dragon to breathe while its jaws remain fully occupied by its prey.
Large komodo dragons can survive by eating only once a month. After the meat undigested prey, komodo dragons spewing the remains of horns, hair and teeth of their prey, in clumps mingled with foul-smelling slime, known as the gastric pellet. Usually after that, the Komodo dragon wiped his face to the ground or into the bush to clear mucus remnants still attached.


Like most other reptiles, the Komodo dragon reproduce by laying eggs (spawn once produce 10-15 eggs). Male komodo dragons usually fighting to get  female. One month after mating the female will find a hole in the ground to lay eggs with an incubation period of 8-9 months. Little komodo dragons will hatch cover in the trees to avoid predators and cannibalism of adult komodo dragons. Until the age of 5 years is usually little komodo dragons will live in the branches of trees by eating insects, lizards, etc. From 15-30 eggs that hatch, only 2-3 tail that eventually survived into adult komodo dragons. However, the unique facts of research in London proved komodo dragons can also regenerate by parthenogenesis, or fertilization that occurs in the absence of marriage. Parthenogenetic komodo dragons supposedly saved from extinction since thousands of years ago. But suppose the process of parthenogenesis will always produce a male Komodo dragon.


Habitat destruction, volcanoes, earthquakes, fires, poaching indicated to have resulted in a population of dragons to some degree vulnerable to extinction. It is estimated there are 4-5 thousand female Komodo dragon in the presence of a productive only in the hundreds. Such conditions is a challenge for the conservation of the island of Komodo National Park.

On the Komodo island, komodo dragons animals live and breed well. Until August 2009, on this island there are an estimated 1300 komodo dragons. Coupled with the other islands, such as the island of Rinca and Gili and Motang, their number totaled about 2500 birds. There are approximately 100 individuals komodo dragons in Wae Wuul Nature Reserve on the mainland island of Flores, but not including the Komodo National Park.


Komodo Island also holds a variety of exotic flora Sepang wood by local people used as a medicinal and dye clothing, tree or Sterculia oblongata nitak is believed to be useful as medicines and seeds are tasty and delicious like peas.

Komodo Island is also accepted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as in Komodo National Park area, along with the island of Rinca, Padar, Gili, and Motang island.


Getting Komodo Island

Labuan Bajo is the gate to enter the Komodo National Park. There are several ways that can be taken to reach Labuan Bajo, are as follows: 

Using a plane from Jakarta / Bali / Kupang using the airline Merpati Airlines (byFokker 27), GT water (ATR) and TransNusa (ATR) menuju Bandara Komodo - Flores before heading to the Port Bajo using bemo then continued across the sea to the Komodo Island or Rinca island from Labuan Bajo pier. In this dock all ships anchored large, medium, and small to Komodo Island. Luxury ship with flags and symbols of various countries freely anchored here. August is the peak current density of the park board, because of the long holiday season. On the pier you can negotiate with the owner of the vessel to charter a speed boat or boat motor. About 20 boats meet the dock every morning, some have Most Wanted by the buyer, so you should come early.  

Komodo Island is 4 hours by boat, or 1.5 hours by speed boat, pier named Loh Liang. Towards the island of high currents and waves up to 4 meters, especially in January through March. There is lodging rates start from Rp 400 thousand rupiah. But most tourists who visit the island of Komodo to spend the night in a boat / boat is equipped with toilet and kitchen. Tourist can also adjust the budget of each by using the combined land and sea.

1. Routes quickly - cheap to Komodo Island: Landing on Airport Muhammad Salahuddin - Bima - Sumbawa. After that by using bemo heading to Sape harbor to go to Labuan Bajo and Komodo Island.

2. Cheapest route to the Komodo Island: From Ngurah Rai - Bali to the port of Padang Bai, (possibly from the Port of Amed) to go to Sheet Harbour - Lombok with a ferry journey time 4 hours. Subsequently added to Labuan, east of the island of Lombok to climb to the Ferry Port Alas - Sumbawa. Of the Port continued to climb Alas bus to Bima - Raba, followed by using bemo to Sape harbor, followed by another ferry to Labuan Bejo. Usually we have to rest overnight before continuing the trip to Komodo Island.

Another Way to See Ancient Animals Komodo Dragons

Rinca Island : 2 hours by boat from Labuan Bajo. In this island there is a pier Loh Buaya, where a small boat and was docked. There is a bungalow which is being renovated for a researcher or a documentary team to stay. Also available is the cafeteria and bathrooms. Tourists generally prefer to Rinca island because it is closer than the Komodo Island, and flat so that the contours of his island see more dragons.

To reach the island where dwells the dragons, Public sea transport is not available. The only way to just charter a boat from the pier of Labuan Bajo. Charge small boat with a capacity of 8 people to the island of Rinca eg cheapest Rp 600 thousand, while the island of Komodo rate of Rp 800 thousand.


If you choose a larger boat with a toilet and kitchen, with a capacity of 10 people charge about Rp 1 million rupiah in a full day return trip to the island of Rinca. If you want more quickly, you can rent a speed boat with a capacity of 8 persons. Only about 1 hour to reach the island of Rinca, a rate of Rp 3 million to Rp 5 million. Actually there is a cheaper way to Komodo Island is by a combination of land and sea, but of course much longer time. The terrain is challenging, and certainly more tiring. Many Caucasian backpacker, who use this route. From Senggigi Beach Lombok, they group (about 20 people) hire a boat to the Komodo National Park, at a cost of Rp 2 million means only Rp 100,000 per head.  

Sea travel by boat from the island of Lombok is taken for 3 days 2 nights, but for the backpacker long journey over the ocean it is an exciting marine tourism. The cost of aircraft that reached Rp 3 million round trip route Jakarta-Denpasar-Labuan Bajo. Estimated cost to the Komodo Island  about Rp 5 million per person for tourists from Jakarta with details are as follows :
Jkt-Denpasar round trip Rp 1.400.000

Denpasar-Labuan Bajo round trip Rp 1.600.00

Package tour 3 days 2 nights Komodo Island all in Rp 2,000,000 (include eat, stay on the boat and stay overnight in Labuan Bajo)

In 1980 the park was established to protect the Komodo dragon and its habitat. The total area of ​​the Park is at 1917 km2, is located on the border of West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara, or between the island of Sumbawa and Flores island. Komodo National Park entrance is currently located in the port area, called Loh Liang for the island of Komodo and Rinca Island to Loh Buaya, the admission price of Rp.97,000 (cost of a donation for the conservation of Rp. 75,000. - And ticket Rp. 22,000. - ). There are 277 species of animal that is a mix of animals that come from Asia and Australia, which consists of 32 species of mammals, 128 species of birds and 37 species of reptiles. Together with dragons, at least 25 species of land animals and birds including the protected animals, because their numbers are limited, or limited their deployment.

Komodo park also has beautiful marine life that consists of 385 species of beautiful corals, mangroves, and sea grass as home to thousands of species of fish, 70 species of sponges, 10 species of dolphins, six kinds of Whales, Green Sea Turtle, and various Sharks and stingray fish species. The incorporation of the northern waters of the warm waters and the waters south of the cold waters of the stream waters of the Ocean Indonesia gives a different character who produces underwater ecosystem is very rich. Many divers have to watch the underwater life of the stunning waters of the Komodo Island.

Komodo National Park region includes three major islands, ie Komodo Island - Padar Island - Rinca Island. And several small islands which, when sorted from west to east are as follows:

Small islands: Rawadarat - Stone-Sea Gililawa Gili Bugis - willingness Island - Island tatawa big - big Siaba Island - Island Mengyatan - Large Central Island - Central Island Small - Small Sebayor Island - Complete Sebayor Island - Island Mesa - Kanawa Island - 3 Island Papagarang - Papagaan Small Island - Island Panikia - Nusa Island Pimpe - Mesa Island - Kanawa Island - Big Island Pungku - Island of Bangkau.

Large islands and small islands are volcanic. The population in this area is approximately 4,000 people.


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