Minggu, 04 Maret 2012

Borobudur Temple

Borobudur is Indonesia's largest cultural heritage is a temple. Borobudur temple is located in Magelang, Central Java, in addition to a crowded tourist attraction, is also a center of worship for Buddhists in Indonesia, especially at every celebration of Vesak. This is consistent with the meaning of the name of "the monastery in the hills". Currently established as one of Borobudur World Heritage UNESCO.

Borobudur Temple history

Borobudur was built around 800 AD or the 9th century. Borobudur was built by the followers of Mahayana Buddhism during the reign of Dynasti Syailendra. Founder of the Borobudur Temple, King Samaratungga originating from dynasty Syailendra.The possibility of this temple was built around 824 AD and was completed around the year AD 900's during the reign of Queen Pramudawardhani who is the daughter of Samaratungga. While the architects who contributed to build this temple according to a story passed down through generations named Gunadharma.

Borobudur own words based on the first written evidence, written by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, Governor General of the United Kingdom in Java, which gives the name of this temple. There is no written evidence that older who gave names to the temple of Borobudur. Only one of the oldest documents that show the existence of this temple is Nagarakretagama book, written by the MPU Prapanca in 1365. In the book is written that this temple was used as a place of Buddhist meditation.

Meaning of the name Borobudur is "monastery in the hills", which comes from the word "bara" (temple or monastery) and "beduhur" (hills or high places) in Sanskrit. Therefore, in accordance with the meaning of the name Borobudur, so this place long ago used as a place of Buddhist worship. 
This temple for centuries are no longer used. Then because of volcanic eruptions, most of the buildings covered Borobudur volcanic soil. In addition, the building is also covered with various trees and shrubs for centuries. Then the building of this temple began forgotten in the days of Islam arrived in Indonesia around the 15th century.

In 1814 when the British occupied Indonesia, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles heard of the discovery of archaeological objects in the giant-sized village of Magelang Bumisegoro. Due to great interest of the history of Java, Raffles immediately ordered the HC Cornelius, a Dutch engineer, to investigate the location of the current invention is a hill covered with shrubs. 

Along with Indonesia’s temples of Prambanan and Sangiran Home Land of Java ManBorobudur significance means it has been recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site

 Admission price of Borobudur Tourism Park is divided into three, namely:
A. Domestic visitors Rp 10.000,00 / person
2. Foreign visitors 12 U.S. $ / person
3. Children aged under 12 years get 50% discount
(data up to January 2009)

Load time:
Monday - Sunday at 7:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
(Monday - Sunday from 07:00 am to 06:00 pm)

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