Rabu, 09 Mei 2012


Keroncong Tugu has survived for more than three centuries due to seven factors :
* Its quality as an egalitarian ars nova that did not belong either to Western classical music or to the indigenous gamelan music,
* Regular appearances in Batavia's Pasar Gambir Festival,
* Generating income by producing musical instruments for a distinctive market in Batavia's Passer Baroe,
* Communal support by Batavia's Indies community,
* a Repertoire of Dutch and Malay songs to accommodate urban musical tastes,
* the Tugu community's expertise in producing rice in a collective kinship system,
 * Their primordial commitment in preserving the annual Mandi-Mandi Festival to end the New Year week, which is still observed by the Tugu community today.

Keroncong Tugu historical can not be separated from the Kampung Tugu, the oldest village in Jakarta which is located in the eastern part of Jakarta is the road Cakung Cilincing, North Jakarta.The story, in this Kampung Tugu settled people of Portuguese descent (Betawi). This is where art begins Keroncong.

Did you know why this village called Kampung Tugu? Because this place has been previously found stele of King Purnawarman heritage (the Kingdom of Tarumanegara) who like Tugu.

But according to another version, the origin of the word 'Tugu' is derived from the Portuguese word piece, the Por-tugu-ese, a term for the Portuguese who occupied the Kampung Tugu.

In the Dutch colonial era, keroncong very popular and are excellent. Keroncong was then continues to grow, and give birth to other keroncong music in various areas, especially in Java. The songs Keroncong Tugu is the famous 'Mauresco' and 'Cafrinho'.

At the turn of the 19th century, Keroncong Tugu developed into "art by acculturation", which was imitated by the Indies community in Batavia, and gave rise to others ars nova styles such as Keroncong Kemayoran by the De Krokodilen group in Kemayoran, Keroncong Lief Java by local Javanese musicians and Langgam Keroncong in the Gelijkgesteld style of the American Tin Pan Alley by eastern Indonesian musicians, before keroncong spread to others cities in Java, including Bandung, Semarang, Yogyakarta, Surakarta and Surabaya.

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