Minggu, 25 Maret 2012

Ngaben Ceremony

Ngaben Ceremony  or the Cremation Ceremony is the ritual performed to send the dead through the transition to his next life. The village Kul Kul, hanging in the tower of the village temple, will sound a certain beat to announce the departure of the deceased. The body of the deceased will be placed at Bale Delod, as if he were sleeping, and the family will continue to treat him as if he were still alive yet sleeping. No tears are shed, for he is only gone temporarily and he will reincarnate into the family.

Actually Ngaben comes from the word "Beya" means the provision, which is a kind upakara required in the cremation ceremony. Beya said that means the stock, then in the Indonesian language to be charged or "prabeya" in Bali. people who hold Beya in Balinese called "meyanin". Ngaben or meyanin said, has become the standard language, to name but a ceremony of "sawa wedhana".What is clear is ceremony meyanin cremation or organization sawa (bodies) for a deceased person.In other languages ​​in Bali, which connotes a smooth, cremation is called Palebon, which comes from the meaning prathiwi dust or soil. Palebon means making prathiwi (ash).

To make the land there are two ways, namely by burning and planting into the ground. But burning is most rapid. Place to process a land called "pemasmian" and called tunon their area. Tunon derived from the word "tunu" which means to burn. While pemasmian derived from the word meaning Exterminate destroyed. Another Tunon he says is "Setra" or "sema". Setra means tegal. While the sema derived from the word meaning smasana Durga. Humans consists of two elements, namely: Physical and Spiritual. According to Hinduism man is composed of three layers, namely Raga Sarira, Suksma relics, and the Antahkarana Sarira. Sarira sport is rough body, the body that is born of passion (ragha) between mother and father. Suksma Sarira astral body or the body is composed of soft body such as thoughts, feelings, desires, and passions (Citta, Manah, Indriya, and ahamkara). Antahkarana Sarira is the cause of life or Sanghyang Atma. When a human dies, Suksma Sarira by Atma will leave the body. Atma which had so long united with the relics, the relics Soul confines, difficult to leave the agency. Though the body is not able to function, because some parts are damaged. This is a suffering for the Atma.For not too long hindered the departure of Atma, the body needs to speed up the ballpark ceremony return to its source in nature. Similarly, for the Atma should be made to go into nature ceremony Pitra and decided attachment to the body ballpark. This process is called cremation. If the cremation ceremony is not held within a period of time, the body would be roughly the seeds of disease, called bhuta cuwil, and atma will get to hell.

 Purpose of cremation ceremonies in principle are:
 *Removing the Atma from earthly ties.
 *To get the safety and enjoyment.
 *To get the morning heaven Pitra.

The proper day of the ceremony is always a matter of consulting a specialist on ceremony days. On the day of the ceremony, the body of the deceased is placed inside a coffin. This coffin is placed inside a sarcophagus resembling a buffalo (Lembu) or in a temple structure (Wadah) made of paper and wood. The buffalo or temple structure will be carried to the cremation site in a procession. The procession is not walking in a straight line. This is to confuse bad spirits and keep them away from the deceased. The climax of Ngaben is the burning of the whole structure, together with the body of the deceased. The fire is necessary to free the spirit from the body and enable reincarnation. Ngaben is not always immediately performed. For higher caste members it is normal to perform the ritual within 3 days. For lower caste members the deceased are buried first and later, often in a group ceremony for the whole village, cremated.

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